Useful Information

Red Cross Society: Social and Medical Care to Refugees and Migrants in Belarus

Target group: refugees and asylum-seekers in Belarus.

Project goal: to provide intersectoral assistance to refugees and asylum-seekers for realization of their basic humanitarian and social needs as well as for implementation of real opportunities for their local integration in Belarus.

The project is implemented with the support of the UNHCR in Belarus.

The Belarusian Red Cross Society implements the following kinds of activity:

1. Social assistance to refugees and asylum-seekers as well as help to them in defining and facilitating the search for long-term solutions, including local integration in Belarus.

2. Carrying out activities with Committees on Labor, Employment, and Social Care as well as other public and private organizations with the aim of improving the refugees and asylum-seekers’ access to the state systems of socil care, medical services, education, employment, and self-employment.

3. Coordination of Committee work on providing one-time financial donation to refugees and asylum-seekers as well as facilitation of monthly financial and other urgent assistance to the most vulnerable refugees and asylum-seekers.

4. Facilitation in getting access to the medical care for the most vulnerable groups of refugeees and asylum-seekers, especially those who don’t have access to the free medicare in Belarus; provision of psychological consultations by the invited medical specialists with the purpose of reducing the number of stressful situations and tensions in relations between local residence and refugees / asylum-seekers.

5. Monitoring and administrative support of Russian language classes for refugees and asylum-seekers in the universities of Minsk, Vitsebsk, and Homiel.

6. Provision of various forms of support, including integration grants for improvement of living conditions; distribution of grants for schoolchildren; disbursement of financial assistance to refugees-volunteers, who take active part in implementation of various programs; arrangement of vocational classes; assistance with employment etc.

Contact information:
Project coordinator – Ina Lemiasheuskaya – +375 17 327-67-03
Councillor on integration – Volha Valozhynskaya – +375 17 327-14-17
Regional social worker in Brest – Larysa Varonka – +375 162209576
Regional social worker in Vitsiebsk – Galina Zhelanava – +375 212426905
Regional social worker in Homiel – Ala Smaliak – +375 232744347
Regional social worker in Hrodna – Ramaniya Skamaroshka – +375 152743226
Regional social worker in Mahilou – Andrei Nikitsin – +375 222709437

Source: redcross.by

Application for a refugee status or subsidiary protection in the Republic of Belarus

A foreign resident, who would like to apply for a refugee status or subsidiary protection in Belarus as well as his/her family members, 18 y.o. and older, should submit their applications in person to the Departments on Citizensip and Migration at Minsk City Executive Committee or to the corresponding Departments at Regional Executive Committees, depending on the place of temporary residence in Belarus.

The legislation requires personal presence of foreign asylum-seekers for the whole period of consideration of their applications as well as their coming to personal interviews with the aim of clearing out the reasons for applying for the refugee status / subsidiary protection in Belarus, and with the purpose of passing the mandatory fingerprinting and medical examination procedures.

The applications for the refugee status or subsidiary protection are considered by the Belarusian migration authorities for the period of six months since the moment of their registration.

During the period, the foreign asylum-seekers have the rights:

  • to reside on their own in Belarus (certain restrictions are endorsed in accordance with the current legislation of Belarus);
  • to reside in the temporary settlements or other places of temporary residence in case of impossibility of residence on their own;
  • to get financial support in the amount and according to the procedures, set by the Government of Belarus;
    to be provided with emergency medical care in state hospitals;
  • to be employed on legal terms set for all foreigners, who reside in Belarus on the permament basis;
  • to enjoy other legal opportunities, which are set for temporary residents in Belarus, if nothing else is provided by legislative acts and/or international treaties.

Apart from the above-mentioned rights, the underaged foreigners, who apply for defense in Belarus, have the right to pre-school and secondary school education as well as the right to medical care on equal terms with underaged citizens of Belarus.

The foreign asylum-seekers have the right to receive one-time financial assistance that equals to 1 base amount. Moreover, the vulnerable categories of asylum-seekers can receive supplementary financial assistance that totals 9 base amounts for the whole period of consideration of their application by Belarusian migration authorities. Also, they can be entitled to receiving reimbursement of their travel costs on the territory of Belarus and actual accommodation costs that doesn’t exceed 10 base amounts a month, if they are directed to concrete settlements for temporary residence by the migration authorities.

The refugee status is granted to a foreign citizen or a stateless person, who is present on the territory of Belarus and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of the country of his origin or previous residence, owing to a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinions.

The subsidiary protection is granted to a foreign citizen or a stateless person, who do not qualify as a refugee, but in respect of whom substantial grounds have been shown to believe that the person concerned, if returned to his or her country of origin or, in the case of a stateless person, to his or her country of former habitual residence, would face a real risk of suffering serious harm and who is unable or, owing to such risk, unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of that country.

In case of getting the refugee status, a foreigner is entitled to permanent residence in Belarus as well as to all rights, enjoyed by foreigners, who permanently live in the country.

The granted subsidiary protection entitles foreigners to temporary residence as well as medical services and employment in Belarus on equal terms with all foreigners, who permanently live in the country.

The rights to buy real estate, get settled and employed are applied by the foreigners with the refugee status or subsidiary protection in Belarus on their own.

The work permits are issued to the foreign applicants with the refugee status or subsidiary protection within 15 days.

In order to facilitate the quick search for employment options to different categories of Belarus permanent and temporary residents, the Ministry of Labour and Social Defence updates the National Bank of Vacancies in Minsk and in the Belarusian regional centers on the daily basis: vacancy.mintrud.by. In order to receive the detailed information about the work conditions, accommodation options, and salary level, it is necessary to address the inviting organizations by phone.

The consultancy of non-residents on the issues of entrance, residence, employment in Belarus as well as on the asylum-seeking procedures in the country is provided by:

The Department of Citizenship and Migration at the Ministry of Interior of Belarus:
Phone: (+375 17) 218 52 64, (+375 17) 218 52 68, (+375 17) 218 76 60
Working hours – 9.00 – 18.00 (Mon-Fri), lunch break – 13.00-14.00.

Departments on Citizenship and Migration:

• Department of Interior at Minsk City Executive Committee:
Independence Ave., 48Б, Minsk. Phone: (+375 17) 331 41 05

• Department of Interior at Minsk Regional Executive Committee:
Kalvaryiskaya Str., 29, Minsk. Phone: (+375 17) 229 05 35

• Department of Interior at Brest Regional Executive Committee: УВД Брестского облисполкома
Astrouski Str., 12, Brest. Phone: (+375 162) 55 15 48

• Department of Interior at Vitsiebsk Regional Executive Committee: УВД Витебского облисполкома
Frunze Ave., 41A, Vitsiebsk. Phones: (+375 212) 60 34 81, (+375 212) 60 34 90

• Department of Interior at Homiel Regional Executive Committee: УВД Гомельского облисполкома
Lenin Ave., 45A. Phone: (+375 232) 71 08 89

• Department of Interior at Hrodna Regional Executive Committee: УВД Гродненского облисполкома
Karbyshau Str., 3, Hrodna. Phone: (+375 152) 79 73 01

• Department of Interior at Mahilou Regional Executive Committee: УВД Могилевского облисполкома
K. Marx Str., 25, Mahilou. Phone: (+375 222) 29 51 18

Working hours: 8.00 – 17.00 (lunch break – 13.00-14.00).

Source: mvd.gov.by

“REFUGEE COUNSELLING SERVICE”

“REFUGEE COUNSELLING SERVICE” (RCS) is a joint program of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and NGO “Belarusian Movement of Medical Workers”. We work with Refugees, Complementary Protection holders, asylum-seekers and Stateless persons. RCS operates in all regions of the Republic of Belarus.

All services are provided FREE OF CHARGE.

RCS provides counseling on the following issues:
1. State Refugee Status Determination procedure;
2. acquisition of Permit for Temporary and Permanent Residence; acquisition of the Belarusian Citizenship;
3. other issues: access to medical care, education, employment and etc.

Meetings with citizens of Ukraine from Luhansk and Donetsk regions are held by our Legal Counsels in districts of Belarus on regular basis. In the framework of these meetings we discuss topical questions of Belarusian legislature, conduct counseling on other socially important issues as well.

Languages: Russian, English, Español, العربية, دری, فارسی.

Working hours:
Monday – Thursday
9:00 – 18:00
(Friday 9:00 – 17:00)
Lunch break: 1 p.m. – 2 p.m.

Contacts:
Minsk
Olshevskogo St., 74
+37517 369-70-62
+37517 363-35-72 (fax)
+37544 753-35-72 (Velcom)
+37533 635-21-66 (MTC)
pa.bmmw@gmail.com

Vitebsk
+375212-35-97-17
+37533-633-18-97
Sviatoslav Galaliuk

Grodno
+375152-68-04-14
+37533-633-19-94
Julia Anishchik

Gomel
+375232-58-68-86
+37544-500-16-78
Elena Danilkova

Mogilev
+375222-73-68-03
+37544-500-49-13
Evgeniya Tondrik

Brest
+375162-53-30-16
+37533-633-20-46
Ekaterina Korobeiko

the forms of protection granted to foreigners in the republic of belarus

The following forms of protection can be granted to foreign residents and stateless persons in the Republic of Belarus:
• asylum;
• refugee status;
• subsidiary protection;
• temporary protection.

In correspondence with the Law of Belarus ‘On granting of Refugee Status, Subsidiary Protection, Asylum and Temporary Protection to Foreign Citizens and Stateless Persons in the Republic of Belarus’ (further – the Law):

refugee status is granted to a foreigner who is situated on the territory of the Republic of Belarus due to well-founded fears of being persecuted in the country of his/her citizenship for the reasons of race, religion, citizenship, ethnic affiliation, membership in a particular social group or political opinion, and who is unable or unwilling, owing to such fears, to avail him/herself of the protection of that country; or to a stateless person who is situated on the territory of the Republic of Belarus due to mentioned fears and who is unable or unwilling to return to the country of his/her former habitual residence, owing to such fears (article 19, part 1 of the Law);

subsidiary protection is granted to a foreigner who is situated on the territory of the Republic of Belarus, does not have grounds for granting him/her refugee status, but has well-founded fears to face, upon return to the country of citizenship, the threat of death penalty, tortures and the other cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment and punishment, or the threat to life caused by violence in the context of an international or non-international armed conflict, and who is unable or unwilling, owing to such fears, to avail him/herself of the protection of that country, or to a stateless person who is situated on the territory of the Republic of Belarus, does not have grounds for granting him/her refugee status, but has mentioned fears and is unable or unwilling, owning to such fears, to the country of former habitual residence (article 22, part 1 of the Law);

asylum may be granted to a foreign citizen who is situated on the territory of the Republic of Belarus and was forced to leave the country of citizenship due to persecution for political opinion, religious beliefs or ethnic affiliation, or to a stateless person who is situated on the territory of the Republic of Belarus and was forced to leave the country of former habitual residence due to persecution for political opinion, religious beliefs or ethnic affiliation (article 25, part 1 of the Law ‘On granting of Refugee Status, Subsidiary Protection, Asylum and Temporary Protection to Foreign Citizens and Stateless Persons in the Republic of Belarus’);

temporary protection is granted to foreigners individual examination of whose applications for protection is not possible due to their simultaneous arrival en masse and in relation to whom there is a necessity to decide on their admission to the Republic of Belarus and stay in the Republic of Belarus on the grounds provided for granting of refugee status or complementary protection (article 28, part 1 of the Law).
Source: mvd.gov.by

decision-making authority and the terms on granting international protection in belarus

The decision on granting asylum in Belarus is taken by the President of Belarus. The asylum is granted indefinitely.
The decision on granting or refusing to provide the refugee status or subsidiary protection is taken by the Department on Citizenship and Migration at the Ministtry of Internal Affairs of Belarus.
The refugee status is granted to a foreigner for the period of validity of grounds for granting of refugee status in the country of his/her citizenship or former habitual residence.
The subsidiary protection is granted to a foreigner for the period of up to one year. In case the grounds for granting subsidiary protection continues to exist in the country of citizenship or former habitual residence, its term may be extended, but not longer than for one year each time.
The decision on granting temporary protection is taken by the Council of Ministers of Belarus. The term of granting of temporary protection is determined by the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus, but it cannot exceed one year.
Source: mvd.gov.by

guarantees of non-refoulement of foreigners

The foreigners, who apply for international protection, the foreign citizens, who have been granted the refugee status, subsidiary protection, asylum or temporary protection, the foreign citizens, whose applications for international protection have been turned down and who got rejected the refugee status, subsidiary protection, asylum or temporary protection, the foreign citizens, whose application for prolongation of international protection was turned down, the foreign citizens, who lost their refugee status, subsidiary protetion, or asylum, the foreigners, whose refugee status or subsidiary protection got canceled, and the foreign citizens, who have been deprived of asylum, cannot be expelled from the Republic of Belarus to the foreign states, where their life of liberty will be endangered subject to their race, religious belief, citizenship, ethnicity, political views, or affiliation with a certain social group. Also, the foreign citizens cannot be expelled to the foreign statesm where the real danger of capital punishment, tortures or any other danger to their life exists, subject to the ongoing international or domestic military conflict.
Source: mvd.gov.by

CONFIDENTIALITY OF INFORMATION ABOUT FOREIGNERS

Information about foreigners, who apply for the refugee status, subsidiary protection or asylum in the Republic of Belarus as well as about the foreign citizens, who have been granted the refugee status, subsidiary protection, asylum or temporary protection is confidential. It cannot be whared without the applicants’ consent in the written form to the governmental authorities, organizations and citizens of the states of their citizenship or previous place of residence, the foreigners, who reside in the countries of the applicants’ citizenship or previous place of residence, as well as to the mass media, other states, their governmental authorities, organizations, foreign citizens, international organizations and the citizens of Belarus if nothing different is stipulated by the legislative acts of the Republic of Belarus and international treaties of the Republic of Belarus.
Source: mvd.gov.by

the foreign citizens’ right to appeal to the unhcR

The foreigners, who apply for international protection and express the desire to meet an UNHCR officer in the Republic of Belarus are provided with such a possibility, if nothing different is stipulated by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus.
Source: mvd.gov.by