Over 5,500 applications for getting the refugee status or subsidiary protection in the Republic of Bearus have been submitted to the Belarusian governmental authorities since 1995, when the first Belarus Law, which regulated the issues of the forced migration was adopted.
The situation with the flow of forced migrants, coming to Belarus, was stable until the year of 2012. No more than 160 foreigners a year used to apply for defense to the corresponding governmental authorities. The largest number of applications used to be submitted by the citizens of Afghanistan, which amounted to 70% of all applications within a year.
The asylum-seeekers from Syria were the most numerous group of applicants, who asked for defense in Bearus in 2013. It exceeded 30% out of 208 foreigners, who applied for protection in the country. The emerged flow of forced migrants from Syria to Belarus was connected with the beginning of the armed conflict in this country.
The number of submitted applications for protection in Belarus increased four times subject to the events in the south-eastern part of Ukraine. 868 foreigners applied for protection in the year of 2013. 76.5% of them were citizens of Ukraine.
The structure of countries, where the forced migrants come from, didn’t change and their number increased in 2015.
The number of foreigners, who applied for defense in comparison with the previous year increased by 36.8% in 2016. However, the flow of forced migrants remained on the high level and the number of foreigners, who addressed for protection to the responsible authorities, increase to 788 people that year.
The number of foreigners, who addressed for defense in 2017 amounted to 748 people. The flow of migrants to Belarus remained on a high level. The number of forced asylum-seekers in comparison with the previous year decreased by 5.1%.
The people, who asked for protection in the Republic of Belarus, come from 29 states. The set of countries, where the forced migrants come from, has been practically the same since 2016.
626 people from Ukraine applied for protection in Belarus in 2017 that totals 83.7% to the general number of applicants. Like in the previous years, they make the most numerous group of forced migrants, who have applied for protection in the country.
The other asylum-seekers in Belarus in 2017 included the applicants from Iraq – 17 people or 2.3% to the total number of asylum-seekers, Russian Federation – 16 peeople or 2.1%, Pakistan – 12 people or 1.6%, Syria – 11 people or 1.5%, Yemen – 10 people or 1.3%, Bangladesh – 8 people or 1.1%, Georgia – 7 people or 0.9%, Armenia and Afghanistan – per 5 people or per 0.7%, Iran and Turkey – per 4 people or per 0.5% as well as a number of people from other countries of the world.
All in all, by 01.01.2018, the refugee status in Belarus has been granted to 934 foreigners from 20 countries of the world. The majority of people with the granted refugee status in Belarus come from Afghanistan – 630 people (67.5%). The citizens of Georgia make 14.6% to the general number of refugees in Belarus. The percentage of other citizens with the granted refugee status in Belarus to the total number of refugees is as follows: Syria – 3.9%, Tajikistan – 3.4%, Azerbaijan – 3.2%, Ephiopia – 2.5%, Iran – 1.3%, Palestine – 1.1%. The representatives of 12 more states – Armenia, India, Iraq, Cameroun, Lebanon, Lybia, Pakistan, Rwanda, Somalia, Ukraine, and Eritrea – make 2.5% of people with the refugee status in Belarus altogether.
The subsidiary protection has been granted to 2397 foreigners from 12 states. This form of protection has been generally provided to the citizens of Ukraine –178 people (90.9%). Also the protection has been granted to the citizens of Syria – 127 people (5.3%), Yemen – 43 citizens (1.8%), Iraq – 14 citizens (0.6%), Afghanistan – 10 citizens (0.5%), Egypt – 9 citizens (0.4%), Lybia – 9 citizens (0.4%), Georgia – 2 citizens (0.1%), Kazakhstan – 2 citizens (0.1%), Iran – 1 person, Kyrgyzstan – 1 person, and Lebanon – 1 person.